Rabbi Dovid Schwartz zt”l
In their Yeshivas and Batei Yaâ€™akov our FFB children benefit from the study and inspiration-by-osmosis of the classic Mussar literature. In the tables of contents of these works one will find a profusion of fine and noble middos = character traits. Thereâ€™s alacrity, humility, love, mercy, magnanimity and fear of heaven, et al. on the menu. But there is one trait that is conspicuously absent. While it may not have been expunged from the actual literature the midah of G’vura(=might) and personal courage has been deemphasized in the culture and in the curricula. I have theories as to why this is so but that would be a subject for another post.
For now, suffice it to say we associate â€œbeing machoâ€ with some of the more unseemly diffusions of the dominant culture that we broke with when we began our return to Torah and Mitzvahs and that we continue to strive mightily to avoid being influenced by. *2
Many of us operate under the conviction that courage and strength are somehow un-Jewish characteristics. Every stereotype contains a kernel of truth and the Woody Allenesque weak Jewish Nebbishes of the popular imagination were not spontaneously generated in a cultural vacuum. Sure, we are proud of the military prowess of the IDF and may even take some â€œguilty pleasureâ€ in reading the Holocaust literature that deals with the exploits of the forest partisans and the insurgents of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. Yet we view these as the exceptions that prove the rule of the historical Jewish personality makeup that is mild, non-violent, non-confrontational, deferential, and passive to a fault.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Our sages, OBâ€M, in Pirkei Avos teach us: â€œWho is mighty? He who vanquishes his evil inclination. As it is written: â€˜And one who dominates his own spirit (is mightier) than the champion who captures a city.â€™â€ In other words, self control and vanquishing oneâ€™s Yetzer HaRah =inclination to evil is identical in kind but superior in degree to the strength, the personal courage, and the steely nerves of the victorious battlefield general. It requires more courage Gâ€™vurah- to vanquish the Yetzer HaRah than to finally conquer the besieged city.
It is peculiar that in contemporary Torah Observant Jewish culture the midah of Gâ€™vurah should have been so marginalized seeing as it is, as per the Shulchan Aruch, square one of Judaism:
â€œOne should be misgaber*as a Lion in order to rise in the morning for the service of their Creatorâ€
-Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 1:1
IMO BTs are uniquely positioned to raise the consciousness of Jewish Society at large to the indispensable centrality of the Midas haGâ€™vurah and to infuse the cowardly â€œlionsâ€ with new strength. For while the trait of g’vurah is something that all Jews aspire to, it is a trait that the BT excels at and identifies with. Rishonim explain that the famous dictum of Chazal : â€œin the spiritual station where Baâ€™alei Tâ€™shuva stand even the Tzadikim who never sinned cannot standâ€ is predicated on the Baâ€™al Tâ€™shuvaâ€™s relative superiority in the middah of Gâ€™vurah. Having tasted the forbidden to the point that all sense of taboo has disappeared (donâ€™t get offendedâ€¦ as per Chazal this happens after two repetitions!) the level of Gâ€™vurah required for the BT to resist future seduction of his/her Yetzer haRah is greater than the level required by the Tzadik to resist an equivalent temptation.
We all know people who possessed the inner strength, the awesome gâ€™vurah, to turn their backs on lucrative careers, break off relationships with significant others, render some or much of their higher education irrelevant, and/or willingly begin to re-educate themselves at an advanced age at institutions where, despite being highly accomplished, they would have to begin anew literally from the ABCs. Many of us even see these people when we gaze at our reflections in the mirror.
Those FFBâ€™s who had the benefit of a Torah enriched early childhood education can hardly fathom and never replicate the courage and strength of the BT. But they can certainly draw lessons in Gâ€™vurahâ€¦ â€œProfiles in Courageâ€ from them.
There is a most beautiful tradition rooted in the works of the classical Kabbalists to utilize the days of Sefiras HaOmer for Tikun haMiddos = the refinement of character traits in preparation for receiving the Torah on Shavuos. There is a veritable rainbow of goodness to behold when perusing the siddurâ€™s listing of these middos: yet tonight the color most vivid in the middos rainbow is that of g’vurah = personal courage and strength.
Over the past half century the Kiruv revolution has empowered the mighty and encouraged the courageous. It behooves us to offer thanksgiving and praise to the Kel Gibor = the Almighty G-d, who taught us His Torah from â€œthe mouth of His mightâ€ and who continues to manifest the divine attribute of g’vurah by stemming and reversing the hemorrhaging of our people in fulfillment of His promise â€œKi lo yamush mâ€™pi zarakha vâ€™zerah zarakha meyâ€™atah vâ€™ad olamâ€ = â€œAnd the Torah will not withdraw from the mouths of your children or their children now and forever.â€ But we mustnâ€™t forget that imitation is the sincerest form of praise. As such we ought to search for ways and means to grow even stronger and more courageous ourselves and, leading by example, empower the weak and encourage the frightened. In a paradoxical duty of Oz-like chesed itâ€™s â€œon usâ€ to grant courage to HaShemâ€™s cowardly lions.
* (reflexive conjugation of the word gavar- verb form of gâ€™vurah and all the strength and fearlessness that it implies)
*2 When I speak of Gâ€™vurah I donâ€™t mean Jewish street gangs or even JDL like neighborhood patrols. Nor is this limited to more Torah observant Jews enlisting in the IDF. Iâ€™m talking about an emphasis on gâ€™vurah that will replace a â€œpassing-of-the-buckâ€, dodging of responsibility with a buck-stops-here assuming of responsibility. Gâ€™vurah that leads to greater emotional and financial independence, a willingness to move away from the frummest population centers to places where Yiddishkeit will not be as convenient, or to make aliyah in spite of the daunting challenges. Iâ€™d love to see more nerve to confront social problems instead of the terror that denies them, communal courage and self-confidence that would ameliorate (to a degree, not a reckless one) the current fear-of-contamination informed snootiness and exclusivity that one finds at all too many Yeshivas. Iâ€™d love to see more of the individual self-confidence and courage that is required both for a lifetime of spiritual growth and for the serenity and mental-hygiene that comes from realizing itâ€™s OK to be me (so long as itâ€™s within Torah parameters)
Originally Published in May 2007