Rav Itamar Shwarz, the author of the Bilvavi Mishkan Evneh
For everything that we eat or drink, we have to recite a berachah (benediction\blessing) over the food, before we eat\drink and after we eat\drink. There is a verse, â€œA good eye is blessed.â€ When we make a blessing over food, we need to â€œeatâ€ the good in it, and then it is â€œblessed.â€ Everything in creation is a mix of good and evil, and our avodah is to sift out the good from the evil. All of our food too is a mix of good and evil. Either we can see the â€œgoodâ€ in it and eat it with a â€œgood eyeâ€, or we are seeing it from the â€œevil eyeâ€ and we are eating the food out of an evil desire for the food. Ever since Chavah saw the fruit of the Eitz HaDaas and she desired us, there is a part in us which desires food as soon as we see food, and this desire is coming from evil. It is the desire to simply eat the food and satisfy the desire.
In everything we encounter, we must see the good and evil in each thing [as we began to mention in the previous chapter]. We must first see the â€œgoodâ€ in everything, Hashem has placed â€œgoodâ€ into everything in Creation. But if a person just eats without doing any thinking at all before he eats, he eats without any yishuv hadaas (settled mind), and by default, he will eat simply to satisfy the desire for the food. And if a person goes further with this and he indulges in the food, this is an even more evil part of the desire.
The ideal way to eat is to eat with yishuv hadaas – to eat it calmly. For example, when you look at food, think about the following. First of all, there is â€œgoodâ€ in this food here. That is why you are making the blessing over it. The food is a creation of Hashem. â€œBorei pri haâ€™etzâ€, â€œBorei pri haâ€™adamahâ€ â€“ we need to recognize how Hashem is the Creator, in each food we eat. This is the â€œgoodâ€ we can find in each food. The â€œgoodâ€ in each food is how we connect to the good in each food, and this is how we have an ayin tovah, â€œgood eyeâ€. Having a â€œgood eyeâ€ in this way connects us to the food in the right way: to feel thankful to Hashem for the food right before we eat it.
When a person pauses for just half a minute before he eats the food and he thinks that Hashem created it, he lives a whole different kind of life! Right before you are about to eat, pause a second and remember that Hashem bestows good upon us, and that we are thanking Him for it. Hashem is giving you something good â€“ remember that, and thank Him for it. In order to connect to the good in a food, you need a â€œgood heartâ€. Your soul is then truly satisfied inside from this â€œgoodâ€ in the food that you have connected yourself, which is achieved by attributing the food to Hashemâ€™s goodness.
Hashem keeps giving us all kinds of things every day. A large part of this is food. We all know in our brains that Hashem gave these foods to us, but we donâ€™t always remember. We have to remind ourselves before we eat that Hashem gives it to us. We need to sense it right before we eat, and it is not enough just to know about this intellectually. Even if we sense that Hashem gives us so much, we must be able to sense it right before we eat.
For example, if a person takes an apple to eat, remind yourself of how good it is that Hashem is giving it to you. Think about how Hashemâ€™s good is contained in this fruit. This is a deeper kind of awareness than just knowing that Hashem gives you the fruit. Think that it is good, for Hashem has placed His good in everything in Creation, and He is now giving it to you.
The Chovos HaLevovos writes in Shaar HaBechinah that every day, a person has to find something new to thank Hashem for. This doesnâ€™t just mean that each day we receive something else from Hashem. Rather, it is that each day we need to see how each thing is good, and this is a new thing to thank Hashem for each day. Donâ€™t just think that this food is good because it gives you strength to serve Hashem better; that is true, but it is not yet the deeper awareness. The deeper awareness is to realize that the food in your hands is good, because Hashem gives you good each day.