By Rabbi Dovid Schwartz zt”L-
For the Mitzvah that I am prescribing to you today is not beyond your grasp or remote from youâ€¦Rather it is something that is very close to you. It is in your mouth and in your heart so that you can accomplish it.’ Â -Devarim 30: 11, 14
While the closeness of â€œthe Mitzvahâ€ is described as being in our hearts and mouths it is not said to be in our hands. Rav Tzadok, the Kohen of Lublin, draws an essential lesson about the limitations of human free will from this omission. The precedent for this lesson can be found in the Torahs dissimilar narratives of Avraham Avinus leitmotif.
The hospitality Chesed that Avraham Avinu offered to human travelers is well documented in Chazal and yet in the Written Torah there is only the scantest allusion to it (VaYeetah Eishel-Bereshis 21:33). Â In marked contrast the hospitality that he extended to the three angels is described in great detail in the Written Torah.Â This is especially odd inasmuch as the Angels were only pretending to eat, drink and rest and needed neither the physical rest and recreation provided to them nor the monotheistic lessons that diners at Avraham Avinus table learned. Avraham genuinely wanted to do kindness to the angels just as he did to all of his visitors. But in reality he did not provide for any of the needs of these special guests. Â His desire to do Chesed went unrealized. But the Torah places the greatest emphasis precisely on the episode of desired Chesed, in which no actual Chesed took place.
In truth all that HaShem demands of us, all that is really within the parameters of our autonomy and freedom, is our will, our wants, our desire to do good as expressed in our hearts and our mouths. As the Gemara in Sanhedrin 106B says:Â HaKadosh Baruch Hu Leeba Boyee â€“HaShem wants the heart. Whereas the actual realization of our good will, wants and desires, the actual execution of the Mitzvah comes about only through Seyata DiShmaya,-Divine assistance.Â As our posuk says; the Mitzvahâ€¦ is very close to you…in your mouth and in your heart. However you will need HaShems help so that you can accomplish it.’
Lâ€™Dovid HaShem Ohree Vâ€™Yishee Â is the â€œanthemâ€ of the month of Elul and the Days of Awe. In it we find the problematic verse (Tehilim 27:4) â€œOne thing have I asked of HaShem, Â I will ask it; that I may dwell in the house of HaShem all the days of my life,Â to behold the pleasantness of HaShem , and to inspect Â His palace.â€ Once the Meshorer-Psalmist declared that â€œOne thing have I asked of HaShemâ€ why not continue immediately with what is being asked for?Â â€œthat I may dwell in the house of al HaShem all the days of my life etc. â€œ Why repeat â€œI will ask itâ€? The blatant, superfluous redundancy of the posuk demands a clarification.
The Rebbe Reb Binim of Przysucha (Pâ€™shischa)Â explains that what the Meshorer has asked of HaShem is NOT to dwell in the house of HaShem all the days of his life but that dwelling in the house ofÂ HaShem become his fondest desire, truly the one thing that he seeks, asks and prays for. He is asking to ask, desiring to desire, wanting to want.Â The one thing that I have asked of HaShem is that Ohsah Ahvakeshâ€¦that this/it is what I will ask and pray for.
Our hearts are not always in the right place. Perhaps when we were young, or young in our Judaism, as long as we were shtaiging-progressing in our spiritual lives we could get by with very little materially. Even in our youths it is rare that dwelling in the house of HaShem all the days of our lives is our one and only request and desire. Instead it is just one, albeit a major one, of our many desires, wants and needs. Then setbacks, disillusionments, disappointments, societal and family pressures all conspired to distort our value systems and rearrange our fondest dreams and desires. We may have become more interested in maintaining and amplifying our creature comforts and financial security than in finishing Shaâ€s, davening ecstatically or creating a new Chesed organization that would alleviate the suffering of hundreds. In a word, we are no longer sincerely asking to dwell in the house of HaShem at all. So, whether young or old, during these days of Divine Mercy in particular we echo the prayer of the Meshorer twice daily. We ask to ask nothing else, desire to desire exclusively, want to want monomaniacally all that is good, kind, holy and exalted.
The Kohen of Lublin amplifies the Rebbe Reb Binims reading of Pslam 27. It is not that the Meshorer was trying to avoid overplaying his hand in prayer by asking to actually dwell in the house of HaShem etc. or just â€œhaving an off dayâ€. It is that, truth be told, we can never ask for more than correct, ethical and holy yearnings.Â The exercise of our free will is limited to what we want and desire and does not extend to what we do and accomplish. The mitzvah is in our hearts and mouths.Â The actualization of Mitzvahs is HaShems domain, not that of human beings.
Adapted from Pri Tzadik Parshas VaYera Paragraph 10 (Page 29A)
An installment in the series From the Waters of the Shiloah: Plumbing the Depths of the Izhbitzer School
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