Rav Itamar Shwartz, the author of the Bilvavi and the Getting to Know Your (Self, Soul, Feelings, Home)
An excerpt from this article which is from the sefer: Getting to Know Your Feelings available from Amazon.
Utilizing The Power of Concentration
First, before we speak of solutions for those who are in deep emotional stress, we will speak of a general solution to deal with emotional problems. (Just like we know how to take care of our body, we need to learn how take care of our soul.)
We are speaking even of the emotions found in the animalistic layer of the soul. How can we have a healthy animalistic soul?
The best way to develop healthy emotions is to access the simple power of unity in the soul, which we can reach when we lead a life of concentration. In practical wordsâ€“ remain focused on what you are doing, and do not do two things at once.
When a person does many things at once, he gets in the habit of fracturing his focus. The soul then stops concentrating, and disconnects from the actions he is doing. The inevitable result will be scattered emotions. In the worst case scenario, if there is one emotion that is more extreme than all the other emotions, such a person can have an emotional breakdown.
This is the first part of the solution to emotional problems: Do one thing at a time. Donâ€™t do two things at once. Prevent your thoughts from floating somewhere else while you are doing something. Concentrate on what you are doing.
This may explain why some people have a hard time concentrating during davening. It is possible to daven out of obligation and not feel anything. When we do something, and our feelings arenâ€™t there, then our thoughts wander away from what we are doing. Davening is a spiritual manifestation of this problem, but it also exists for the non-spiritual: the tendency to â€œspace outâ€ when performing a task that is not of interest.
One can invite trouble when he isnâ€™t focused. Doing one thing, while thinking about something else at the same time, can be a recipe for disaster. The soul gets used to the idea that you can do many things at once and that you donâ€™t have to be thinking.
Our generation has more emotional problems than any other generation. In previous times, people were focused on what they were doing. Today, itâ€™s perfectly normal and acceptable to be talking on two different phone lines at the same time. To the first caller, the person says, â€œOne minuteâ€¦one minute,â€ and then he talks to the next one on the other line. People who function this way from a very young age get used to doing two things at once. His mind becomes scattered, and the soul suffers from this.
Only a life of calmness and quiet can allow a person to focus on what he is doing. Even our animalistic soul can understand this. We see that when people want to do something they are interested in, they can focus very easily. The question is whether we can learn to focus all the time instead of in small increments.
Concentration Enhances The Quality of Life
The Chovos HaLevovos writes: â€œSmaller, pure amounts are bigger than big amounts, and big amounts that arenâ€™t pure are just as good as small amounts â€“ they are useless.â€
When people try to â€œsaveâ€ time and maximize each moment, it appears to be an admirable trait, but in reality it is detrimental to emotional health. A person gets used to doing so much without ever focusing totally on any one thing. People are doing too much, and there is too much emphasis on quantity over quality.
When we get used to focusing on what we do, we will begin to internalize what we are doing. Instead of just â€œgoing throughâ€ life, we will be connected to what we do and experience all that we can in a meaningful way.
The more we concentrate on what we do â€“ actions and thoughts together and unified â€“ the more our animalistic layer in the soul gets used to truly experiencing what the body is doing, and we start to enjoy life! We will feel vitality from living and from the concentration that we are putting into it.
Concentrating on what we do leads to experiencing what we do. When we experience what we do, and are concentrating and focused, then all the various emotions become connected into one unit. This is the general beginning of building healthy emotions.