From the Weekly Bilvavi email. (send an email to email@example.com)
Rav Itamar Shwarz, the author of the Bilvavi Mishkan Evneh.
QUESTION What is the avodah for both men and women and Purim, and how can everyone make Purim more meaningful and really take advantage of this great day?
ANSWER There are a lot of aspects to Purim. The halachah of drinking on Purim applies only to men, and the parameters of this halachah is explained by the Poskim. But there are many other aspects of Purim as well which apply to both men and women. Here are some of those points to think about, and each person should try to do them on his or her own level, according to his or her personal capabilities â€“ and not based on any reasons influenced by factors that are either social, or emotional, or family-based, because there are many times where people act based solely on â€œwhatâ€™s normalâ€, and this uproots any serenity and joy that they could have on Purim.
1) Consider the aspect of reading the Megillah on Purim. Both men and women are obligated to hear the Megillah on Purim. And on a more inner level, both men and women can reflect on the events in the Megillah and see how there was Divine Providence laced throughout this story, because the word â€œMegillas Estherâ€ means to â€œrevealâ€ the â€œhiddenâ€, to turn the concealment (hester) into giluy (revelation of Hashemâ€™s Divine Providence). A person can go through all of the details in the Purim story, from beginning until end, and he can see how it was all an unfolding process of Hashemâ€™s Divine Providence – as opposed to a bunch of random details that have no connection to each other.
On an even deeper level, each person, whether a man or woman, on his or her own level, can see Hashemâ€™s inner mode of conduct hidden in the Creation, as explained in sefer Daas Tevunos, and how every event in the world can be seen through the lens of Hashemâ€™s carefully planned Divine Providence, His goodness, and the revelation of His Oneness.
2) Consider the mitzvah of sending Mishloach Manos on Purim. The purpose of this mitzvah is to increase love and friendship. On the obligatory level, everyone is obligated to send two portions of food to someone. On an inner level, one should also think about whom he will make happy by giving Mishloach Manos to. Then one should think, â€œWhat can I put into this Mishloach Manos package which will make the other person happy? What would that person really enjoy?â€ One should put thought into how much Mishloach Manos to send, what the quality of it should be like, how nice it should look & what kind of nice messages he can send with it. Everyone should do this only according to her personal capabilities, and not over-do it.
Even more so, when giving Mishloach Manos, it should not just be an act of giving motivated by logic alone, but it should be given from the depth of oneâ€™s heart, with love and joy, to make the other person happy.
Included in this aspect (gladdening other people on Purim) is to make the children happy, with costumes and the like. But again, one should do this only within her actual capabilities, and only if she can do it with joy.
3) Consider also the mitzvah to give Matanos Lâ€™Evyonim (gifts to the poor) on Purim. One should look for a person who needs it the most, and who would be the happiest to receive it â€“ and one should strive to give Matanos Lâ€™Evyonim specifically to this kind of person. A woman usually needs to ask her husband about whom she may give Matanos Lâ€™Evyonim to, mainly so that her husband should agree with her decision.
4) Regarding the seudah of Purim, [if you are hosting a seudah], try to serve dishes that each person there will enjoy, catered to his or her particular tastes. The main point of the seudah on Purim, of course, is to think about and discuss Purim-related matters and what Purim is all about, and to stay away from any words that can be insulting to others, which only serve to bring out the most unrefined and impure elements in oneâ€™s nature.
5) The purpose of the day of Purim is to reach a deep place in ourselves that is above oneâ€™s daas (logical reasoning and understanding). For men, whose main mitzvah is to learn Torah, their main work on this world is to develop the power of their logic throughout the year, by studying Torah. That is why men need the intoxicating effects of wine (or the dulling effect of sleep) in order to â€œnullifyâ€ their logical understanding and reach a place that goes beyond logical understanding. Women, who are exempt from Torah study, are therefore closer to the concept of nullifying their understanding and to more easily reach a place that goes beyond logical understanding. This is the point known as temimus
(non-intellectual simplicity or earnestness).
Thus the main avodah of the day of Purim is: â€œBe wholesome with Hashem your G-dâ€, to walk with Him in temimus (simplicity), without any intellectual thinking. It is about sensing His unlimited love for us, just as the people in the time of Achashveirosh re-accepted the Torah out of their great love of Hashem that they saw through the miracles of Purim. It is about feeling how He always gives of His kindnesses to us, out of His great love for us, by saving us from trouble, and by bestowing good upon us. From this understanding, we can come to feel the sweetness and pleasantness of being close to Him. This is the root of true simchah on Purim, because by feeling close to Hashem a person feels physically lighter, in the body in general and specifically in the feet. That is why one can easily sing and dance on Purim, just as by the song of Miriam, when the joy of the women made them feel lighter, causing them to quickly sing and dance.
And that is why the miracles on Purim happened precisely through women [Esther]. It is because women are closer to this temimus (simplicity and earnestness). Men need to drink on Purim as a means to reach this place of temimus, whereas women are closer to reaching it, without the means of drinking. It only requires a little bit of re-fl ecting and calm silence, to enter into the deepest place within oneself â€“ and each person on his or her own level can do it. (from the Bilvavi Q & A archive.)
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