The following post is from Rabbi Horowitz’s Chicago Community Kollel Interactive Parenting Column. Rabbi Horowitz recently updated his website, which contains a wealth of material on parenting and other issues facing us.
What is your advice for ba’alei teshuva who are raising frum-from-birth children in terms of making sure that the children are well integrated, healthy and normal frum Jews? As ba’alei teshuva sometimes it is easy to be very strict because of insecurities from our own upbringing and lack of family minhagim. If you can give a few pointers that will obviously need to be explored with our own rabbeim to tailor make it to our own families, it would be helpful.
Rabbi Horowitz Responds
Your excellent question practically answers itself, and leads me to believe that you already have a deep understanding of the opportunities â€“ and challenges â€“ that you face in raising your FFB children. You hit the nail on the head when you noted that you wanted to raise â€œwell integrated, healthy and normal frum Jews.â€ For that balance is exactly what you ought to be striving to achieve.
If you are a regular reader of these lines, you may know where my suggestions will start â€“ with you and your spouse. One of my mantras is that most of the issues that we face when raising our children are reflections of our own struggles. I maintain that in order to raise â€œwell integrated, healthy and normal frum Jewish children,â€ you need to start with â€œwell integrated, healthy and normal frum Jewish adult parents.â€ That means that you adhere to the timeless advice of Shlomo Hamelech (King Solomon) and remain on the â€˜golden pathâ€™ of moderation. After all, if you donâ€™t want your children to be raised in a â€œvery strict [environment] because of [their parentsâ€™] insecurities,â€ the best way to achieve that goal is not to be â€œvery strict [in your personal lives] due to your own insecurities.â€
Here are some practical tips:
Many meforshim (commentaries) suggest that the dream of our patriarch Yaakov (see Bereshis 28:12) where he envisioned angels climbing up and down a ladder is a profound analogy to our spiritual pursuits. The Torah describes how the legs of the ladder were placed on the ground while its top reached the very heavens. I think that the correlation is an insightful one for everyone â€“ but is all the more relevant for baâ€™alei teshuvah. We ought to keep our feet firmly planted on the ground â€“ all the while reaching for profound spiritual heights.
I would like to suggest that the reason that the image of a ladder was used in the dream (as opposed to, say, a road leading to heaven) is that you simply cannot run up a ladder.
So, too, spiritual growth needs to be a sustained and steady process (Click here for a dvar Torah on this subject). Which leads me to â€¦
Find a Rav Who Truly Understands Baâ€™alei Teshuvah Issues
Not all rabbanim have a deep understanding of the complex mix of halachic and social issues where baâ€™alei teshuva need individualized direction. Finding a Rav who understands them â€“ and you â€“ will provide your family with an invaluable resource. Similarly, it may be helpful for you to find a baâ€™al teshuvah couple ten years or so older than you who can mentor you as your family passes mileposts and lifecycle events, such as enrolling children in school, Bar/Bat Mitzvah, high school placements, shidduchim, etc.
I strongly encourage you to read and re-read a terrific article by my dear chaver Rabbi Bentzion Kokis sâ€™hlita (Click here). Rabbi Kokis is an outstanding talmid chacham and his advice is equally outstanding. If I may sum up his thoughts, it is to refrain from jettisoning your personality, hobbies, interests, education, career â€“ and sense of humor â€“ as you embrace Torah and mitzvos.
Baâ€™alei teshuva may be concerned that they are poor role models for their children since they are observing their less-than-perfect Torah and mitzvah observance. I think not. You are setting a wonderful example for your children by seeking to grow spiritually throughout your lives. (Click here for a stunning Torah thought by Rabbi Shimon Schwab on this subject.)
Distinguish Between Mitzvah, Minhag, Chumrah, and Culture
In your question, you noted that, â€œsometimes it is easy to be very strict because of insecurities from our own upbringing and lack of family minhagim.â€
Well, in order to gain a better understanding of when to be firm and when to be flexible, you must distinguish between a mitzvah, minhag, chumrah, and something that is none of the three categories, but is rather a cultural practice.
- Putting on tefilin every day is a daily mitzvah (a mandated commandment) incumbent upon all Jewish males above the age of thirteen.
- Refraining from dipping matzoh in liquids on Pesach (commonly referred to as â€œgebroktsâ€) is a minhag (a custom â€“ one only observed in some communities).
- Not using an eiruv that has been approved by the vast majority of your cityâ€™s rabbonim is a chumrah (stringency) that many accept upon themselves.
- Wearing a black fedora is a cultural practice prevalent in some communities.
It is of utmost importance that you fully understand the difference between these categories of Jewish practice â€“ in your personal life and as you guide your children.
More on this â€“ and other practical tips â€“ next week.
Â© 2007 Rabbi Yakov Horowitz, all rights reserved
Two notes to readers:
1) I strongly recommend the BEYOND BT website www.beyondbt.com for baâ€™alei teshuva men and women. I serve as one of the rabbinic advisors of the website, and it has provided advice, camaraderie, and spiritual guidance for baâ€™alei teshuva around the world over the past twelve months.
2) In 2001, I wrote an article in The Jewish Observer on the subject of â€œLifecycle Support for Baâ€™alei Teshuva Familiesâ€ (Click here for link).
3) I also posted an article â€œOf Eagles and Turkeyâ€ on the Beyond BT website one year ago Click here for link) on the important subject of conformity to communal pressure.
I hope that you find these helpful.